The shoulder joint is supported by four main muscles known as the rotator cuff.
Shoulder impingement describes pinching or trapping of the tendons of the rotator cuff and/or the bursa (a fluid filled sac in the shoulder joint) between the humeral head and the acromion process of the shoulder blade. Common symptoms in impingement syndrome are pain, weakness and a loss of movement.
Rotator cuff tendon pain (e.g. Supraspinatus tendinosis or partial tear) mostly responds to graduated strengthening to help the collagen within the tendon strengthen and the tear to heal.
Tendon problems tend to improve better with exercise rather than with just rest.
Early treatment is important to restoring normality and preventing further or ongoing injury.
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